The most commonly used orthodontic appliances are:
Fixed braces are the most common type of brace and are often referred to as “train tracks”. In short they involve gluing brackets linked by wires onto the teeth. The wires exert gentle pressure to move the teeth into their new position. Small elastic hoops are often used to help to hold the wires in position. The brackets themselves are made of metal, ceramic or even gold and the hoops are available in a variety of colours –on a mix and match basis!
Removable braces are used to correct simple problems, for example to move a single tooth or expand the dental arch. They comprise of a plastic base plate, with wires and springs attached. Despite their name, removable braces should be worn all the time and only occasionally removed, for example to clean them or when playing certain sports.
Functional appliances work by utilising the natural growth of the jaws to improve the way the upper and lower teeth meet. Different types are available but they all fit on to both the upper and lower teeth and hold the lower jaw forward. Despite most of them being removable they should still be worn all the time to achieve the best results.
Retainers are given to all patients at the end of treatment to keep the teeth in their new positions. Retainers can be either removable or fixed and they are a vital part of the orthodontic treatment.
Use the menu below to find out more about our orthodontic treatments:
- Removable appliances
Custom-made removable braces that work for simple tooth movement.
- Fixed appliances
The traditional ‘train-track’ brace that works for more difficult irregularities.
- Functional appliances
Removable braces that are designed to correct the bite and jaw.
Clear moulds of your teeth that are worn over time to straighten a smile.
The most common clear aligner that straightens teeth in a matter of months.
A clear mould that is worn after orthodontic treatment to stop the teeth from moving back.
In some cases, teeth have to be removed to make room for treatment.
- Twin Block
A set of functional braces that fit together to drastically improve a bite.
- Damon Braces
Clear fixed braces that use sliders to adjust the position on the teeth.
- Lingual orthodontics
Lingual braces are fixed on the inside of the teeth next to the tongue.
Common reasons for orthodontic treatment
- Protruding upper front teeth – This is one of the most common dental problems
- Crowding – If the jaw is too narrow there may be insufficient room for all the teeth to fit in alignment, resulting in crowding.
- Spacing problems – Orthodontic treatment is often indicated where the gaps between the teeth/some of the teeth are significantly larger than normal.
- Asymmetry – Orthodontics can help to realign the bite, particularly where the centre lines of the upper and lower front teeth do not match, perhaps because the teeth have drifted or the position of the jaw has shifted.
- A deep bite – This is when the upper teeth over- protrude over the lower teeth.
- A reverse bite – When the upper teeth bite inside the lower teeth.
- An open bite – This refers to a situation where the front teeth don’t meet when the back teeth do and the tongue often remains visible between the upper and lower front teeth.
- Impacted teeth – This term is used to refer to secondary teeth erupting in the wrong position or not coming through at all. Orthodontic treatment can help to bring these teeth down and move them into their correct positions.