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Types Of Braces

Types Of Braces

The most commonly used orthodontic appliances are:

Fixed braces are the most common type of brace and are often referred to as “train tracks”. In short they involve gluing brackets linked by wires onto the teeth. The wires exert gentle pressure to move the teeth into their new position. Small elastic hoops are often used to help to hold the wires in position. The brackets themselves are made of metal, ceramic or even gold and the hoops are available in a variety of colours –on a mix and match basis!

Removable braces are used to correct simple problems, for example to move a single tooth or expand the dental arch. They comprise of a plastic base plate, with wires and springs attached. Despite their name, removable braces should be worn all the time and only occasionally removed, for example to clean them or when playing certain sports.

Functional appliances work by utilising the natural growth of the jaws to improve the way the upper and lower teeth meet. Different types are available but they all fit on to both the upper and lower teeth and hold the lower jaw forward. Despite most of them being removable they should still be worn all the time to achieve the best results.

Retainers are given to all patients at the end of treatment to keep the teeth in their new positions. Retainers can be either removable or fixed and they are a vital part of the orthodontic treatment.

Use the menu below to find out more about our orthodontic treatments:

Common reasons for orthodontic treatment

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